Nepal is a landlocked country in South Asia. Nepal extends to 26 degrees 22 minutes to 30 degrees to 27 minutes north latitude and 80 degrees 4 minutes to 88 degrees 12 minutes east longitude. Nepal has occupied 0.03 percent of the world's total land area, 0.3 percent of Asia and 2.82 percent of South Asia. Nepal is located between India and China, two giant countries in Asia. Nepal is about 1127 km far from the Bay of Bengal, the nearest sea.
Nepal has an area of 1,47,181 sq. km. (56,827 square miles). The east-west average length of Nepal is 885 km and the north-south averages width is 193 km. It is bordered on the south by the Indian states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh, on the west by the Indian state of Uttarakhand, on the east by the state of West Bengal, Sikkim, and on the north by the Chinese autonomous region of Tibet.
The standard time of Nepal is determined based on the longitude of 86 degrees 15 minutes east of Gauri Shankar Himal in Dolakha district. Nepal's time is 5 hours 45 minutes faster than Greenwich Mean Time. This time has been implemented from 1st Baishakh, 2042 BS.
Nepal has 8 of the 14 peaks above 8,000 meters in the world. The 6000 meters and above peaks are more than 1300 in number. There are about 301 such peaks in the Mustang area alone. Along with the Himalayas, Nepal has big rivers like Koshi, Gandaki, Karnali and beautiful lakes like Rara, Phewa and Gosainkund.
Due to the diversity of topography as well as the extreme variation of climate and weather, tropical, mesothermal, microthermal, taiga and tundra climates are found in Nepal. Elevated diversity in Nepal's geographical physical appearance has created a situation of geographical diversity.
On the world community, Nepal is known as the land of Mount Everest, the land of Lumbini, the birthplace of Gautam Buddha, the Land of Pashupatinath, the land of peace, and the land of the unique flag.