How much complete is the 'History of Nepal Unification'? How much incomplete?

We need to know how to make history. History should be written on the basis of real and facts.

Nepal Army, Jangi Adda has done a commendable job by publishing a book titled 'History of Nepal's Unification' on the occasion of Army Day on Thursday, March 10, 2077, BS. Prof. Dr. Triratna Manandhar, Pragya Prof. Dineshraj Pant, Prof. Kamal Raj Singh Rathore and Dr. Senior historians like Binod Thapa are engaged in this great work. The subject of this book is despite the events of 1801 B.S. to 1872 B.S, the first chapter of the book gives a brief discussion on the nature of Nepal and the army before the unification campaign as a background.

Although the main source and basis of history writing is the archival record, history can be written by analyzing some of our folk beliefs, beliefs, traditions and journeys. Incidents such as coordinating between the people and the army, raising the morale of the army and inciting warfare should be properly explained and analyzed. Similarly, in the history of unification, it is essential to explain and analyze the role and contribution of Nepal's diverse communities in nation-building.

In this book, the Asurakala and Naga dynasties, which are considered to be before the Gopal dynasty, are neglected. Nepal was ruled by demons before the Gopal dynasty. Vajranabh, the son of Vanasur, was called the giant Mahendra Daman because he had suppressed the heavenly god Indra. Even Prithvinarayan Shah himself has said that if the forts and forts of Nepal can be kept as Indravajra, then even the seat of Indra can be shaken.

In fact, the old Stone Age before Nepal's military history begins with the Vampire Age. This is proved by the tradition of the Ghodejatra festival celebrated in Nepal. Ghodejatra is a festival celebrated on the occasion of the New Year for the practice of martial arts. No other country in the world has such an army with such a glorious history except Nepal. Thus, the Nepal Army with such a long history and tradition is the pride of the Nepali nation. Therefore, such dignified issues should be included in the background of Nepal's military history.

In this book, it is mentioned that during the reign of Lichhavi King Narendradev, when China suppressed the army of King Harshavardhana of Kannauj, India, Arunashwa, China helped China with 7,000 cavalries. Not mentioned Kusma's Armadighat in the mountain district is the place where Nepal's enchanting king Armudi defeated King Jayapid of Kashmir. Therefore, in order to increase the high morale and tactics of the Nepal Army, it is essential to highlight this event and its history in very high light in the history of Nepal's unification.

Discussing Prithvinarayan Shah, it is believed that Prithvi Narayan Shah was born from a tantric ritual performed by Autari Lama of Bhutan, but there is no discussion in this book in this regard. Prithvi Narayan Shahle V.S. Since Nuwakot was conquered in 1801 BS. The history of Nepal's unification has been started since 1801, but the incident of looking at the Nepal Valley from the hill of Chandragiri with great enthusiasm in the heart of the in-laws in Makwanpur is considered as a dream of Nepal's unification. Therefore, the idea that arose in the mind of Prithvinarayan Shah on the hill of Chandragiri was the rise of the spirit of unification of Nepal. On the occasion, Bhanu Aryal and Kulananda Dhakal encouraged Prithvinarayan Shah to unify Nepal. Therefore, the history of Nepal's unification should be started from the incident of Chandragiri hill, but this incident of Chandragiri is not given importance in this book.

As Prithvinarayan Shah could not afford to go to Kashi, Prithvinarayan Shah went to Kashi as per the advice of Bise Nagarchi by collecting Rs. From this, it is clear that Bise Nagarchi is a skilled economist and planner. Similarly, Prithvi Narayan Shah had performed Tantric rituals in Manakamana to stop the war in the west. Siddha Bhagwant Nath, considered by Prithvi Narayan Shah as his mentor, has a big role in the campaign of Nepal's unification. Similarly, three Muslim artisans from Lucknow were employed by Prithvi Narayan Shah in his army to make weapons, but these things do not find a place in this book. Therefore, if the book had written about Brahmins, Autari Lama, Damai, Banda, Jogi and Muslims in the context of Prithvi Narayan Shah, the reality of participation of all classes and communities in the unification of Nepal would have been very clear. Emotions would develop.

If the incident of Prithvinarayan Shah being able to move forward fearlessly after Jhagal Gurung went to Pokhara alone and foiled the conspiracy of Parashuram Thapa was explained in detail, it would have enhanced the spirit of bravery, valor and efficiency in the Nepal Army.

P. It is mentioned that Gorakh Company was established after the conquest of Mirkasim in 1955 BS, but in fact, after the victory of the Muslims in Makwanpur and the British in Sindhuli, the Kalibax Company was established under the name of Srinath and Gorakhkali under the name of Gorakhnath. P. In 1971, it is mentioned that Prithvinarayan Shah sent Vanshraj Pandey, Shri Harsh Pant, Birbhadra Upadhyaya and Vanshu Gurung to Sindhuli to stop the British, but the geography of Sindhuli and the description of the war are not well known.

The name of the hunter Sardar Gurung, who defeated the British in the battle of Dhungrebas in Sindhuli, is not known. So that needs to be confirmed. AD In the book titled 'A Brief History of Nepal' written by Baburam Acharya, the name of Gurung who fought with the British in the forest of Dhungrebas is written as Bhanse Gurung. Then E.S. Part 3 of the book titled 'Shri 5 Bada Maharaja Prithvi Narayan Shah' written by Baburam Acharya, p. In the Bhashavansavali published in 490-491, Vamsa Gurung is written in two places and Vansu Gurung in one place, but Baburam Acharya wrote on page Vansu Gurung has written in 478-479. AD Since Baburam Acharya wrote Vansu Gurung, later historians wrote Vansu Gurung without proper research on the subject, but this is not realistic and analytical historiography. There is only blind devotion.

In the book published by the Nepal Army now, Pt. On the page of the book titled 'Shri 5 Prithvinarayan Shah's Sermon' edited by Itihas Sanshodhan Mandal organized by Nayaraj Pant and published by Jagdamba Prakashan. Referring to 862-863, the name of the hunter chief is written as Vanshu Gurung, but in the book, it is written as Vanshu Gurung and not Vanshu Gurung. To refer to something that is not happening in this way or to write something that is meaningless in one thing, what kind of history writing is this? So this is very flawed and objectionable because flawed and confusing history is not to be written, printed and read. It confuses people.

Dr. Modern Nepal Volume 1, written by Dillerman Regmi, p. Referring to the local genealogy in 190, the name of the hunter chief who fought with the British in Dhungrebas of Sindhuligadhi is Vamsa Gurung. Pt. The book titled 'Shri 5 Prithvinarayan Shah's Sermon', edited by the History Research Board under the direct direction of Nayaraj Pant and published by a prestigious organization like Jagdamba Prakashan under the direction of senior scholars like Kamal Mani Dixit. In 862-864, the name of the hunter chief is clearly written as Vamsa Gurung. Therefore, the person who defeated the British in the guerrilla war in the forest of Dhungrebas in Sindhuli is not Basu Gurung or Vanshu Gurung but Vamsa Gurung. This is the real history. So we need to know how to make history. History should be written on the basis of real truth and facts.

History Research Board Scholar Theologian Pt. It is an organization organized and run under the direct patronage and direction of Nayaraj Pant. The History Research Board has earned great respect by publishing the authentic history of Nepal through scientific research. Therefore, there can be no agreement with anyone on the work done by the History Amendment Board. If the work done by the History Amendment Board goes otherwise, Pandit Nagaraj Pant, senior historian Dhanavajra Bajracharya and scholar Gyanmani will be deemed to have humiliated Nepal.

P. In 1988, the names of Harinanda Upadhyaya Pokhrel of Khotang, Kharpa and his brother Trilochan Upadhyay Pokhrel, who provided financial support to Prithvinarayan Shah, were mentioned, but Pt. The author of the epic Prithvindrodaya, Pt. Udayananda Aryal contribution has not been discussed.

Today, some dissatisfaction is growing in Khambuwan and Limbuwan. After the incorporation of Eastern Nepal into the Greater Nepal Nation, Prithvi Narayan Shah, in the name of religion, assumed the responsibility of a protector by depriving the Kirats of their former land tenure and administrative rights. Similarly, Prithvi Narayan Shah had sealed his position and Guthi's land to Mahant Sumarandas of Janakpur and sealed it in the Maithili language. In this way, Prithvinarayan Shah has shown a sense of belonging to the Mithila region and its language, religion and culture, but this book does not explain such sensitive issues.

In the history of Nepal's unification. The military presence at Kalimarangthana on Thursday, 8th Ashadhshudi, 1839 BS holds a very important place. Who is the person in which place? What was his position? How many young men and how many weapons were with him? How many fields were there in his khanki? All these details have been revealed. Therefore, the military presence of Kalimarangthana has an important place in the history of Nepal's unification, but without mentioning the military presence of Kalimarangthana in this book, an important point of the history of Nepal's unification should not be missed.

During the reign of Bahadur Shah, the conquest campaign towards the west was started. The Nepal Army gathered at Lasardha and Karkikot in Syangja. On that occasion, Dewan Jiv Shah, who came forward as a party leader, wished him victory in the war. 1843 Jyeshtha Krishna Saptami, Saturday, Ghanishtha Nakshatra, Midday Leo. Therefore, Syangja's Lasardha, Alam Devi is famous as a pioneer of the unification campaign of Western Nepal, but this book does not discuss this bag and the activities that took place here.

The book titled 'History of Nepal Unification' published by the Nepal Army After the death of Captain Bhakti Thapa in the battle of Malau on 5 April 1872, the details of the war in the west have been finalized. The war in the west did not end on April 5, 1872. Bhakti Thapa, a 72-year-old captain, was martyred in a battle on the night of June 19, 1872. The next day, on 6 April 1872, after the death of Subba Prahlad Gurung in the battle of Rajgad, Chautaria Bam Shah declared a ceasefire. So the war in the west Not on April 5, 1872. It ended on April 20, 1872. 

Then B.Sc. On 17 April 1872, a treaty was signed between Nepal and the British in Kumaon considering the Mahakali River as a confluence. The treaty was signed on behalf of Nepal by Chautaria Bam Shah, Kazi Chamu Bhandari, Captain Angad Ghale and Sardar Jasmardan Thapa. After the treaty, the Nepal Army crossed the Mahakali and settled in Baitadi. Then B.Sc. The story of everything was written and sent to Shri 5 Girwanyuddha Birvikram Shah on June 20, 1872. From 6th April 1872, B.Sc. This book is incomplete due to the omission of the story up to 5th June 1872. Similarly, no index is given in such an important book. This error is the fault of this book.

Achyut is only God, but you have to be serious in whatever you do. Therefore, I hope that the scientific needs of the Nepali nation will be supplied by correcting such errors in the next edition, completing the incomplete and writing an authentic history of the unification of Nepal.

विज्ञेषुकिमधिकम्। अस्तु ।

-Prof. Dr. Jagman Gurung

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